Document-oriented Database (NoSQL Database Category)

‘Document-oriented database’ refers to databases that store their data in terms of documents. More specifically, structured documents and, by going with the times,  documents in JSON (http://www.json.org/) format at that.

Some examples are MongoDB (http://www.mongodb.org/) or RavenDB (http://ravendb.net/).

These databases belong to a category of databases called ‘NoSQL Databases’ (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NoSQL). This category emerged over the last few years and in this blog site is used in that sense.

Databases that do not prescribe the content format or enforce a specific data model can store JSON by definition; so database systems that did not decide on a particular data representation upfront but left it open, can be considered document-oriented databases in case their payloads are documents.

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